The free movement of persons, which is one of the main objectives aimed at increasing mobility within the EU and is set forth in founding EC treaties, covers in addition to the free movement of workers, co-ordination of social security systems and civil rights also mutual recognition of professional qualifications.
To achive stated above, Directive 2005/36/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 September 2005 on the recognition of professional qualifications was adopted; it regulates the system of recognition of qualifications and enables EU Member State nationals to have access to and perform regulated professions or activities in other Member States under the same conditions that apply to the nationals of the host Member State.
Directive 2005/36/ES, which came into force on 20 October 2007, consolidates and updates 15 previous directives covering all the rules of recognition, with the exception of certain professions regulated by specific sectoral directives (lawyers, activities in the field of toxic substances, insurance intermediaries, statutory auditors, transport sector).
National rules regulating the mutual recognition of professional qualifications in Slovenia are:
- Act ammending Act Regulating the Qualification Recognition Procedure of Citizens of EU Member States, European Economic Area and Swiss Confederation for the pursuit of Regulated Professions and Professional Activities in the Republic of Slovenia (Official Gazette, No. 21/20, 92/07 and 85/09),
- Rules on the Recognition Procedure for professional Qualifications of Citizens of EU Member States, the European Economic Area and Swiss Confederation Relating to Access to Regulated Professions and Services in the Republic of Slovenia (Official Gazette, No. 109/11).
There are different systems for the recognition of professional qualifications, which are divided into three categories. For each system, certain rules apply for the recognition:
Sectoral professions" - a recognition, on the basis of coordination of minimum training conditions, where the principle of automatic recognition for seven professions (doctor, nurse responsible for general care, dentist, veterinary surgeon, midwife, qualified pharmacist and architect,
recognition of the "professional experience" - is automatic recognition of professional experience for professions in the field of crafts, trade and industry,
"general system" recognition of evidence of training - all the other professions with the exception of the above mentioned professions.